In linguistics, a marker
is a free or bound morpheme that indicates the grammatical function of the marked word or sentence. dari wikipedia
The first marker was probably the felt tip marker
, created in the 1940's. It was mainly used for labeling and artistic applications. In 1952, Sidney Rosenthal began marketing his "Magic Marker" which consisted of a glass bottle that held ink and a wool felt wick. By 1958, marker use was becoming common, and people used it for lettering, labelling, marking packages, and creating posters.
According to the now defunct Magic Marker website:
" In 1952, inventor Sidney Rosenthal developed and began marketing the first felt tip marking device. A chubby, squat glass bottle to hold ink with a wool felt wick and writing tip [this describes the unusual appearance of the first magic markers], Rosenthal named his new marking device Magic Marker because of its ability to mark on almost every surface... In 1989, Binney & Smith, best known for its Crayola products, and the leading children's marker manufacturer, enters into a licensing agreement for exclusive rights to the Magic Marker brand name... In 1991, after three years of product development, Binney & Smith introduces a revamped, redesigned and improved Magic Marker line that includes highlighters and permanent markers [magic markers become thinner]... !n 1996, fine point Magic Marker II DryErase markers are introduced for detailed writing and drawing on white boards, dry erase boards and glass surfaces."
Highlighters and fine-line markers were first seen in the 1970's. Permanent markers also became available around this time. Superfine-points and dry erase markers gained popularity in the 1990's.
The modern fiber tip pen was invented by Yukio Horie of the Tokyo Stationery Company, Japan in 1962. The Avery Dennison Corporation trademarked Hi-Liter® and Marks-A-Lot® in the early '90s. The Hi-Liter® pen, commonly known as a highlighter, is a marking pen which overlays a printed word with a transparent color leaving it legible and emphasized.
Gel Pens were invented by the Sakura Color Products Corp. (Osaka, Japan), who make Gelly Roll pens and was the company that invented gel ink in 1984.
According to Sakura, "Years of research resulted in the 1982 introduction of Pigma®, the first water-based pigment ink... Sakura's revolutionary Pigma inks evolved to become the first Gel Ink Rollerball launched as the Gelly Roll pen in 1984."
Sakura also invented a new drawing material which combined oil and pigment. CRAY-PAS®, the first oil pastel was introduced in 1925.
According to "Just for the Gel of it" written by Debra A. Schwartz:
"The colors in gel inks typically come from copper phthalocyanine pigments and iron oxides. Additives to gel inks are mostly biopolymers, such as xanthan and tragacanth gums, and some types of polyacrylate thickeners... The sparkles in gel pens typically are powdered aluminum... Despite their high water content, gels are not transparent like conventional inks. Gel inks use pigments suspended in a water-soluble polymer matrix, which makes them opaque."
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kalau dilihat dari historynya.. felt tip marker itu yang pertama...
dan spidol itu b.inggrisnya.. marker...
panjang ya.. hahaha